Cesar Chavez Day History
Cesar Chavez Day commemorates the life and achievements of Cesar Chavez. Cesar Estrada Chavez was a Mexican-American farm worker who worked as an activist during the Civil Rights and Labor Movements. Chavez stood and fought for labor rights using methods of nonviolence such as boycotting and fasting. At the age of 17, Chavez served in the U.S. Navy for two years. After serving in the Navy, Chavez worked in the fields until 1952. He soon became the organizer of the Community Service Organization (CSO). He co-founded the National Farm Workers Association in 1962 with Dolores Huerta Chavez. They used the association to create unions and to lobby for better pay and safer working conditions in the farming community. Chavez passed away peacefully in his sleep on April 23, 1993.
Cesar Chavez Day has been observed since 2003. In 2014, it was officially proclaimed a federal holiday by U.S President Barack Obama. It is observed annually on March 31st.
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