Tisha B'Av History
Tisha B'Av (Hebrew: תשעה באב) is a day of fasting and mourning to remembers many tragedies that have befallen the Jewish people. The main tragedies are the destruction of the first holy temple in Jerusalem (by the Babylonians in 586 B.C.E.) and the second holy temple (by the Romans in 70 C.E.). Both temples were destroyed on the 9th of Av (5th Month of the Jewish Calendar).
Tisha B'Av ends a three-week mourning period, which starts with another fast, namely the fast of the 17th of Tammuz (10th Month of the Jewish Calendar), which commemorates the first breach in the walls of Jerusalem before the first temple was destroyed. During these three weeks, weddings and other parties are not permitted, and people refrain from cutting their hair. From the first to the ninth of Av, it is customary to refrain from eating meat or drinking wine (except on the Shabbat) and from wearing new clothing.
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