International Day of Parliamentarism

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2024 DateJune 30, 2024
2025 DateJune 30, 2025

International Day of Parliamentarism

International Day of Parliamentarism in

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International Day of Parliamentarism History

International Day of Parliamentarism seeks to appreciate the vital role of parliaments in shaping democracy and promoting peace, human rights, and sustainable development around the world. Established by the United Nations in 2018, this day reinforces the importance of strong parliaments as the cornerstone of democracy and good governance. Additionally, it highlights the need for parliaments to effectively address current global challenges, from climate change and inequality to terrorism and migration, in order to achieve common goals and aspirations for a better future.

The observance also has historical significance for the United States, as it commemorates the establishment of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) on June 30, 1889. The IPU, made up of world parliamentarians, convened to foster collaboration and dialogue between parliaments and promote global peace. American politicians have long been active participants in the IPU, working to advance national interests and contribute to broader international agendas concerning human rights, gender equality, and sustainable development. International Day of Parliamentarism thus serves as a reminder for the American people of the critical role their representatives play in addressing international challenges and the importance of maintaining strong, democratic institutions to represent their interests on a global stage.

In America, International Day of Parliamentarism is observed through various discussions, events, and educational programs organized by governmental and non-governmental organizations, as well as civil society groups, that seek to raise awareness on the role of parliaments in our society. These activities serve to enlighten citizens on the inner workings of the American legislative process and encourage their active participation in shaping the nation’s democratic governance. International Day of Parliamentarism is observed on June 30th, the same day as the IPU's establishment, demonstrating America's commitment to upholding and honoring the work of parliaments across the globe.

International Day of Parliamentarism facts

  • Parliamentary systems are typically either bicameral, consisting of 2 chambers, or unicameral, 1 chamber. According to the UN, out of 193 countries, 79 are bicameral and 114 are unicameral.
  • At the current rate of progress, gender parity in national legislative bodies will not be achieved before 2063.
  • About 60% of the world's countries operate under a parliamentary system, including Canada, Australia, India, Israel, Japan, and most Western European nations.
  • In 2021, the Inter-Parliamentary Union reported an 2.6% increase of political representors under the age of 30.

Top things to do in the US for this observance

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