Ramadan

Ramadan Quick Facts - ZA

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2022 Date2 April 2022
2023 Date23 March 2023
Ramadan (start)

Ramadan History

Ramadan (Arabic: رمضان‎ ) is the holiest month in the Islamic calendar. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims abstain from eating and drinking from sunrise to sunset. It is said God decreed this entire month holy for Muslims so that they can increase their remembrance of life after death. Muslims also abstain from all bad deeds and habits, like smoking, swearing, backbiting, and disrespectfulness. Muslims reflect upon themselves, their religion, and the characteristics of God.

Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam and as such, it is obligatory for Muslims. Fasting and abstaining from bad habits allow Muslims to learn self-control, humility, and generosity. Unlike the fast of Ashurah, the fasts of Ramadan are declared mandatory by God because like salah (praying towards Mecca), fasting helps Muslims maintain spiritual and physical health.

The start date of Ramadan is based on a Lunar observance of the a new Moon over Mecca (Saudi Arabia). As such the start of Ramadan may vary by a day from country to country. Date shown is for South Africa. This exact date is open for interpretation and often not confirmed till a few months before.

The start date shown for Ramadan in 2022 is an estimate as the official date for South Africa has not been confirmed.

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Ramadan (start) Facts & Quotes

  • Ramadan comes from the word ramadaa, which means sunbaked in Arabic.
  • According to Islamic tradition, menstruating women, women who are experiencing bleeding after giving birth, people who are sick (either with short term or long term illnesses), and travelers are exempt from fasting. Pregnant women also have the option of skipping fasts.
  • In Islamic countries, when Ramadan ends and the crescent moon is first seen, people bang drums and give mighty shouts.
  • According to Sunnah belief, the Prophet Muhammad once said, There is no conceit in fasting.
  • O who believe, fasting is decreed for you as it was decreed for those before you; perchance you will guard yourselves (Quran, 2:183)

Ramadan Top Events and Things to Do

  • The fast is usually broken in a family setting, where traditional foods are served. Most Muslims begin their meal with a few dates and a glass of milk because the Prophet Muhammad used to do the same. The high sugar content of the dates sends energy to weary fasting Muslim, while the fiber in the dates and the protein in the milk fills them up and prevents nausea.
  • In Islamic countries, the end of the fast is signaled by a loud call to the sunset prayer. Most people eat a small meal, pray at the mosque, and then join their families for a large, festive dinner.

Ramadan References and Related Sites

ing.org: Ramadan

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