Hajj (Arabic: حج ) is a holy pilgrimage to Mecca that is obligatory for all Muslims who can afford to go. In the 3rd chapter of the Quran, Surah Ale-Imran makes Hajj mandatory. During this pilgrimage, Muslims try to get closer to God. The Hajj is performed in the last month of the Islamic calendar, Dhul-Hijjah. All Muslims who can afford to go on the Hajj are required to do so at least once in their life. The purpose includes worshiping God and interact with Muslims who congregate for the Hajj from all around the world (Quran, 2:26-27).
Muslims believe that the Prophet Abraham built the Ka'aba with his son Ismael. Ka'aba is a sacred cube-shaped shrine at the center of Al-Masjid al-Haram mosque, in Mecca (Saudi Arabia). Muslims walk around the Ka'bah seven times as part of the Hajj. During prayer, Muslims are to face the direction of the Ka'bah no matter where they are in the world. To be completed, the Hajj requires a minimum of five days, during which pilgrims travel across Arabia to complete various rituals, some of which are optional, but considered highly beneficial.
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