World Day Against Child Labour is a global observance that aims to raise awareness about the importance of eradicating child labour, and promote the rights of children to education, health, and a safe, fulfilling childhood. The day provides an opportunity for governments, civil society organizations, businesses, and individuals from around the world to come together and push for effective measures to end the exploitation of children in various work settings. Through conferences, campaigns, and events, stakeholders discuss the issues and challenges, and share experiences and best practices to eliminate this social evil.
The origin of World Day Against Child Labour traces back to 2002, when the International Labour Organization (ILO) launched the observance to emphasize the need for ending child labour on a global scale. In India, child labour is a pressing issue that affects millions of children under the age of 14. Despite legislation like the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act and Right to Education Act, many children continue to work in hazardous industries like firecracker manufacturing, mining, and carpet weaving. The social and economic disparities, coupled with inadequate implementation of laws, exacerbate the problem. The observance presents a crucial opportunity for India to engage in meaningful dialogue and collaborative efforts to address this issue.
World Day Against Child Labour is typically observed in India through various programs and activities that bring together NGOs, civil society groups, and government authorities. Rallies, seminars, workshops, and awareness drives are conducted across the country, focusing on the aspects of child labour prevention and sensitization. Educational institutions also encourage students to participate in debates, essay writing competitions, and discussions to generate awareness of the issue. The observance takes place annually on June 12, as designated by the International Labour Organization. On this day, India reaffirms its commitment to safeguarding the well-being of its children and ensuring a brighter future for them.
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References and related siteswww.un.org: World Day Against Child Labour www.ilo.org: International Labour Organization www2.census.gov: 1880 U.S. Census www.hrw.org: Child Labor In The U.S.