Summer Solstice

Summer Solstice Quick Facts - IN

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2024 Date20 June 2024
2025 Date21 June 2025

Summer Solstice (Summer Begins)

Summer Solstice (Summer Begins) in 2024
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Summer Solstice History

The summer solstice is the observance of the longest day of the year, when the Sun reaches its highest point in the sky, bathing the Earth in more sunlight than any other day. Various cultures view this astronomical event as a time of celebration and reflection, focusing on themes such as fertility, growth, and renewal.

For Indians, the summer solstice has been observed for thousands of years, playing a crucial role in the ancient religions and mythology. The Rigveda, one of the oldest sacred texts, mentions the solstice in relation to the deity Surya, the Sun god. Furthermore, the orientation and design of the magnificent and ancient monuments, such as the Konark Sun Temple in Odisha, showcase the importance of this celestial event in ancient India. The observance of the summer solstice in India reminds people of their deep-rooted cultural and astronomical ties, heightening their awareness of the intimate connection between the Earth and the cosmos.

Customarily, people in India celebrate the observance of the summer solstice through various rituals and practices, including the practice of yoga. In fact, the International Day of Yoga is observed on June 21st, coinciding with the summer solstice, encouraging people to embrace the mental, physical, and spiritual discipline it offers. In this season, Indians also commemorate the day with local fairs and gatherings, where people come together to engage in cultural activities such as traditional music, dance, arts and crafts, and indulge in seasonal foods. The summer solstice is observed annually on June 21st in India, marking not only the beginning of the summer but also a celebration of life and vitality that has lasted through the ages.

Facts about Summer Solstice

  • The summer solstice in one hemisphere is the winter solstice in the other hemisphere.
  • Many Native American tribes celebrated the Summer Solstice by holding "sun dances".
  • The ancient city of Ujjain, located in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, was a prominent center for astronomy and played a special role in measuring the Summer Solstice.
  • The summer solstice marks the beginning of the Indian summer, characterized by soaring temperatures and high humidity levels. Heatwaves are a common occurrence in many parts of the country, with temperatures often reaching above 40°C (104°F).

Top things to do in India for Summer Solstice

  • Host a bonfire to celebrate the arrival of summer.
  • Start the day with the Sun Salutation and some additional yoga exercises.
  • Summer is an ideal time to explore India's national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, such as Ranthambore, Jim Corbett, and Kanha National Parks. Visitors can spot a wide variety of flora and fauna, including the elusive Bengal tiger.
  • Visit Ladakh. During the summer solstice, Ladakh experiences pleasant weather, making it an ideal time for travelers to explore the region's stunning landscapes, monasteries, and ancient palaces.

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