Pakistan Independence Day

Quick Facts - IN

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2023 Date14 August 2023
2024 Date14 August 2024

Pakistan Independence Day

Pakistan Independence Day, also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal, is a day of profound significance for both Pakistan and India. It is observed annually to commemorate the creation of Pakistan as an independent sovereign state, following the partition of India in 1947. This event marks a pivotal juncture in both countries' histories, as it underlines the culmination of a struggle for self-determination and the establishment of distinct political identities. The Observance is an opportunity for people to honor the sacrifices made during this eventful period and to celebrate the resilience of their respective nations.

The historical context of Pakistan Independence Day holds immense relevance for Indians as well. The partition of India in 1947, based on religious demographics, resulted in the creation of two separate nations - India and Pakistan. The decision to divide the country stemmed from an increasing demand of the Muslim-majority regions for an independent homeland. This led to one of the largest human migrations in history, as millions of Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims were displaced across the newly established borders, forever shaping the socio-political landscape of the subcontinent.

In India, Pakistan Independence Day is observed in a subdued manner, primarily confined to the Pakistan High Commission situated in New Delhi. Diplomatic staff, Pakistani nationals residing in India, and selected Indian dignitaries participate in the flag hoisting ceremony conducted by the High Commissioner, followed by a rendition of the Pakistani national anthem. Over the years, this Observance has increasingly adopted an amicable tone, aimed at fostering goodwill and understanding between the two neighboring countries. It serves as a reminder of the intertwined histories and shared aspirations of Pakistan and India, as they continue to chart their unique paths. Pakistan Independence Day is observed on the 14th of August, just a day before India celebrates its own Independence Day on the 15th of August.

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Pakistan Independence Day facts

  • The word "Pakistan" is a conjunction of two words, "Pak" meaning pure in Urdu and Persian, and "Stan" meaning land. So, Pakistan essentially means 'Land of the Pure'.
  • On its first-ever Independence Day, Pakistan didn’t have a national anthem. The national anthem of Pakistan was not composed until 1950, and it was officially adopted by the government in 1954.
  • Pakistan’s National Flag was designed by Syed Amir-uddin Kedwaii. It was based on the original flag of the Muslim League, which itself drew inspiration from the flag of the Sultanate of Delhi and the Mughal Empire.
  • One of the most significant consequences of the partition was the disputed region of Jammu and Kashmir. Both India and Pakistan have claimed ownership of this region, and it has been a bone of contention between the two countries since their independence.
  • The boundary between India and Pakistan was drawn by Sir Cyril Radcliffe, a British lawyer who was appointed just a few weeks before the partition. This border is known as the Radcliffe Line, and its drawing led to massive population transfers and widespread violence between Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs.

Top things to do in India for Pakistan Independence Day

  • Prepare Pakistani beef biryani.
  • Pakistani High Commission in New Delhi and the Consulates in Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai might organize flag hoisting ceremonies, attended by Pakistani citizens and local Indian guests.
  • Visit the Wagah Border Ceremony, as the atmosphere on Independence Day can be particularly charged. People from both countries gather on their respective sides of the border to celebrate their independence with flag-hoisting ceremonies, patriotic songs, and passionate speeches.

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