Mexico Independence Day

Mexico Independence Day Quick Facts - CA

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2024 DateSeptember 16, 2024
2025 DateSeptember 16, 2025

Mexico Independence Day

Mexico Independence Day in 2024
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Mexico Independence Day History

Mexico Independence Day, also known as "El Grito" or "Cry of Dolores," is the national holiday in Mexico that marks the beginning of their struggle for independence from Spanish rule. It serves as a reflection on the country's history, honor for its heroes, and a celebration of its vibrant culture. The observance is marked by various events showcasing Mexico's pride in their traditions and values, including folk music performances, traditional dances, colorful handicraft displays and food festivals.

The history of Mexico Independence Day dates back to September 16, 1810, when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Catholic priest, initiated the call-to-arms against Spanish oppression in the town of Dolores. This event marked the beginning of a long battle that eventually led to Mexico's independence on September 27, 1821. The celebration of this important holiday holds significance for the Mexican community in Canada, who comprise one of the fastest-growing immigrant groups in the country. The day provides an opportunity for Mexican-Canadians to strengthen their identity and ties to their cultural heritage, creating a bridge between the two countries through shared history and appreciation.

In Canada, Mexico Independence Day is widely celebrated in major cities with significant Mexican populations such as Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal. The celebrations often include performances of traditional Mexican music and dance, art exhibitions, and of course, the quintessential Mexican food. Community centers and Mexican consulates also play a big role in organizing these events, in which Canadians and Mexicans alike can revel in the rich and diverse Mexican culture. While Mexico Independence Day is officially observed on September 16th in Mexico, the celebrations and events in Canada may vary based on local schedules and venue availability.

Mexico Independence Day facts & quotes

  • Mexico's flag was installed in 1821, the year Mexico reached independence. The tricolor contained the national colors of red, white, and green in diagonal lines. The colors have remained the same, but their placement and the crest in the center of the flag has changed over time. Each of the three colors has a particular significance; it is said that the color green symbolizes hope, white is for unity, and red is for the blood of the national heroes. The crest in the center panel is Mexico's coat of arms and represents an eagle with a snake in its beak standing on a cactus, which comes from the legend of how Tenochtitlan (the Aztec capital where Mexico City is now) was founded.
  • The night before Mexican Independence Day, Mexicans gather in town squares to hear the current Mexican president re-enact the Grito de Dolores. The crowd roars, repeats the shout, and waves Mexican flags. It's followed by fireworks and festive music all night long.
  • The Spanish did not formally recognize Mexico's independence until 1836, 15 years after the signing of the Treaty of Córdoba.
  • During the French intervention in Mexico in the 1860s, Canada was under British rule and was not directly involved in the conflict. However, many Canadians living in Mexico at that time were affected by the war, and some even fought alongside the Mexican army to defend the Mexican Republic.
  • According to Statistics Canada, the Mexican population in Canada has increased significantly over the past few decades, with more than 63,000 Mexican-born residents living in Canada in 2016.

Top things to do in Canada for Mexico Independence Day

  • Take this opportunity to educate yourself and others about Mexico's history, its struggle for independence, and its contributions to the world.
  • Prepare Mexican cuisine at home. Make popular dishes like tacos, enchiladas, guacamole, salsa, churros, or even try your hand at homemade tamales. You can find numerous online recipes or even follow a cooking video tutorial for guidance.

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