Treaty Day

Treaty Day Quick Facts

2023 DateOctober 1, 2023
2024 DateOctober 1, 2024
Treaty Day (Nova Scotia)

Treaty Day History

Treaty Day in Nova Scotia commemorates the historic treaties signed between the Mi'kmaq people and the British Crown. The observance serves as a vital reminder of the importance of these treaties in the foundation and the ongoing relationship between Indigenous peoples and the government of Canada. As a celebration of peace, friendship, and cooperation, Treaty Day embraces the mutual understanding and respect for one another's traditions, cultures, and histories.

Treaty Day traces its origins back to 1752, when the Treaty of Friendship and Peace was signed between the Mi'kmaq Chief Jean-Baptiste Cope and Governor of Nova Scotia Peregrine Hopson. The treaty events continued through the late 1700s and early 1800s, which played a crucial role in shaping the present-day relationship between the Mi'kmaq Nation and the Canadian government. Treaty Day holds significance for all Canadians as it fosters awareness and appreciation for the rich cultural heritage of Indigenous peoples, and strengthens the bonds between diverse communities within the nation.

Treaty Day, celebrated annually on October 1st, is marked by a range of activities that highlight the Mi'kmaq culture and their contributions to both Nova Scotia and Canada as a whole. The observance commences with a flag-raising ceremony, followed by a church service, speeches, and the presentation of the Grand Chief Donald Marshall Senior Memorial Elder Award. The day is also filled with a variety of traditional customs and unique festivities, including feasts, cultural displays, and pow-wows, bringing communities together in a spirit of unity and mutual respect.

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Treaty Day Facts

  • The Mi’kmaq homeland includes Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, central and eastern New Brunswick, the Gaspe Peninsula, and Newfoundland.
  • There were about 170,000 members of the Mi’kmaq nation living in Canada as of 2020.
  • As of 2015, there are 13 Mi’kmaq nations in Nova Scotia.

Treaty Day Top Events and Things to Do

Treaty Day References and Related Sites Treaty Day Treaty of 1752

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