International Day of Parliamentarism

Quick Facts - NZ

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2024 Date30 June 2024
2025 Date30 June 2025

International Day of Parliamentarism

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International Day of Parliamentarism History

The International Day of Parliamentarism is celebrated globally to recognize the role of parliaments in the development of democracy, peace, and human rights. It is also an opportunity to raise awareness about the importance of parliamentary work in promoting good governance and sustainable development.

In New Zealand, the International Day of Parliamentarism is celebrated by the New Zealand Parliament. The event is marked by a special session in which parliamentarians reflect on the role of parliament in the country and discuss ways to enhance its effectiveness. The day acknowledges the contribution of parliamentarians in promoting democracy, good governance, and development, and reinforces the importance of parliamentary work in achieving these goals.

The New Zealand Parliament has a long and rich history. It was established in 1854, making it one of the oldest parliaments in the world. The parliamentary system is based on the Westminster model, which has served as an inspiration to many other countries around the world. Over the years, the New Zealand Parliament has played a vital role in shaping the country's political, economic, and social landscape. Today, it continues to be a beacon of democracy and good governance, and the celebration of the International Day of Parliamentarism is an affirmation of this. International Day of Parliamentarism is observed annually on June 30th.

International Day of Parliamentarism facts

  • Parliamentary systems are typically either bicameral, consisting of 2 chambers, or unicameral, 1 chamber. According to the UN, out of 193 countries, 79 are bicameral and 114 are unicameral.
  • At the current rate of progress, gender parity in national legislative bodies will not be achieved before 2063.
  • About 60% of the world's countries operate under a parliamentary system, including Canada, Australia, India, Israel, Japan, and most Western European nations.
  • New Zealand's parliament has reserved seats for Māori, the indigenous people of the country. The number of these seats has increased over time, with seven Māori electorates currently in place.
  • General elections in New Zealand are held every three years. This makes the country one of the few nations with such frequent elections, contributing to a highly dynamic political landscape.

Top things to do in NZ for this observance

  • Explore what makes a good parliament system.
  • Read about different countries' responses to Covid-19.
  • Watch In Search of New Zealand Democracy (2018). This documentary series explores the evolution of democracy in New Zealand, including its connection to the British parliamentary system.
  • Read a book to learn more about Parliamentarism in New Zealand. Here are some suggestions:
    1. Parliamentary Practice in New Zealand by David McGee
    2. Unbridled Power: An Interpretation of New Zealand's Constitution and Government by Geoffrey Palmer
    3. The Changing Role of the New Zealand Parliament by Chris Eichbaum and Richard Shaw

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