Estonia Day of Restoration of Independence

Quick Facts - EU

AKA NameTaasiseseisvumispäev
Hashtags#Taasiseseisvumispäev, #Suvenaabrid
2020 Date20 August 2020
2021 Date20 August 2021
Estonia Day of Restoration of Independence

Estonia Day of Restoration of Independence History

Day of Restoration of Independence celebrates Estonia's formal declaration of independence from the Soviet Union. Throughout the 1980s, Estonia's hope of restoring independence and escaping the iron grip of Soviet rule became increasingly stronger. Estonians began celebrating Independence Day publicly and finally on 20 August 1991, Estonian independence was restored. On the evening of 20 August 1991, Estonian politicians declared independence during the Soviet military coup attempt in Moscow.

Day of Restoration of Independence is celebrated annually on 20 August. It was first celebrated in 1992 following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

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Estonia Day of Restoration of Independence Facts & Quotes

  • The Soviet Union officially recognised Estonia's independence on 6 September 1991.
  • On 23 August 1989, on the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, around two million people formed a living chain from Tallinn, Estonia via Riga, Latvia to Vilnius, Lithuania, thus openly demonstrating the Baltic countries' wish for independence.
  • In early 1991, an independence referendum in Estonia showed that 77.8% of the population voted in favour of Estonian independence.
  • Russia and the Soviet Union recognised Estonia as a new country within the Estonian SSR borders. These borders differed from the borders established by the Tartu Peace Treaty in 1920 and have been a problem ever since.
  • The Berlin Wall wasn't the only barrier to fall after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. Traditional barriers to the flow of money, trade, people and ideas also fell. - Fareed Zakaria, journalist and writer for the Washington Post

Estonia Day of Restoration of Independence Top Events and Things to Do

  • Watch a documentary about the fall of the Soviet Union and its final years. This will help you understand more about the events that helped Estonia gain its independence. Our suggestions: The Collapse of the Soviet Union, The Soviet Story and Age of Delirium.
  • Indulge in traditional Estonian dishes to celebrate the day. Enjoy rye bread with garlic/cucumber sauce, bean soup, sauerkraut stew and kama dessert.
  • Spread awareness on social media using hashtags such as #RestoringIndependenceEstonia, #FreefromSovietRule and #EstoniaFreeAgain.
  • Read a book about Estonia's history throughout the 19th and 20th centuries to better understand the impact of the war and independence. Some of our favourites include: Estonia, Estonia and Estonians, Estonian Life Stories and The Baltic States.
  • Attend the Restoration Parade in Tallin. The military parade is complete with performances and festive events.

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