Independent Czechoslovak State Day

Quick Facts

AKA NameCzech Independence Day, Vzniku samostatného československého státu
Hashtags#CzechoslovakiaIndepedenceDay
2019 Date28 October 2019
2020 Date28 October 2020
Independent Czechoslovak State Day

Independent Czechoslovak State Day History

Independent Czechoslovak State Day, also known as Czech Independence Day, commemorates the founding of the First Republic. On 28 October 1918, the National Committee issued the first law on the establishment of an independent state. Prior to this day, the nation had been part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and after its fall, was part of the Austro-Hungarian state as various Czechoslovak regions were under Austrian and Hungarian rule.

Independent Czechoslovak State Day is celebrated annually on 28 October however when the Soviets seized power in 1948, the celebration was put on hold. The holiday is only celebrated in the Czech Republic and not in Slovakia.

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Independent Czechoslovak State Day Facts & Quotes

  • The first president of the new Czechoslovak Republic was Tomas Garrigue Masaryk, who led the nationalist movement.
  • In 1939, 28 October was used to violently protest the establishment of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia by Nazi Germany.
  • Technically, the new republic was not established until 1919 when the Treaty of Versailles was signed.
  • Democracy was only restored in Czechoslovakia as the Soviet Union fell. Following WW2, Soviet troops ruled the nation until 1989.
  • As many languages you know, as many times you are a human being. - Tomas Garrigue Masaryk, first president of the new Czechoslovak Republic

Independent Czechoslovak State Day Top Events and Things to Do

  • Place flowers or wreaths on the grave of the deceased president Masaryk in order to remember the role he played in establishing the nation. Usually high-standing political officials are in attendance.
  • Watch the award presentation by the Czech President. Every year on this holiday, the president presents awards to important figures who lead cultural and social programs in the country.
  • Generate awareness for the day on social media using hashtags such as #Masaryk, #CzechIndependence and #CzechoslovakStateDay.
  • Enjoy tours of the Czech Prime Minister's house and the Residence of the Mayor of Prague. On this day, both are open for tours guided by professionals.
  • Enjoy a traditional Czech meal to celebrate the founding of the republic. Some suggestions are: Koleno, Tatarak, Pivo Utopenci, Palacinky and Bramboraky.

Independent Czechoslovak State Day - References and Related Sites

www.hf.uio.no: October
www.radio.cz: 28 October
www.czechtourism.com: October Czechoslovakia

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