Restoration of Independence Day

Quick Facts - EU

AKA NameRestauração da Independência, Restauração da Independência
HashtagsCompiled on#RestauraçãoDaIndependência
2024 Date1 December 2024
2025 Date1 December 2025

Restoration of Independence

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Portugal Restoration of Independence Day, or Dia da Restauração da Independência, celebrates the country's regained sovereignty from Spanish rule. The observance aims to commemorate the bravery and determination of the Portuguese people, who played a crucial role in restoring their nation's independence.

The roots of Portugal Restoration of Independence Day can be traced back to 1640 when a group of Portuguese nobles, instigated by the Duchess of Mantua, led a revolutionary movement against the Spanish governance of Habsburg rule. On December 1st, 1640, Portuguese rebels successfully overthrew the then Spanish-appointed governor, effectively establishing the sovereignty of the House of Braganza. This historical event embodies the spirit of unity and solidarity among European nations in advocating for independence, human rights, and democratic values.

Portugal allows cities and towns across the EU to participate in various cultural and educational activities organized on Restoration of Independence Day. These activities provide an opportunity for EU citizens to learn more about Portugal's rich history and traditions while fostering cultural exchange and mutual understanding among member states. Portugal Restoration of Independence Day takes place annually on December 1st.

Top facts about Restoration of Independence Day

  • During the Spanish reign over Portugal, the Spanish crown was overtaxing the Portuguese and leaving their colonies unprotected.
  • The Portuguese Restoration War lasted until 1668 until Spain and Portugal signed the Treaty of Lisbon.
  • D. João Duque de Braganza, descendant of King D. Manuel III, was proclaimed the new King of Portugal.
  • Between 1808 and 1821, Rio de Janeiro was the capital of Portugal but when Brazil declares independence in 1822, it is shifted back to Lisbon.
  • Every war when it comes, or before it comes, is represented not as a war but as an act of self-defence against a homicidal maniac. - George Orwell, English novelist and writer

Restoration of Independence Day Top Events and Things to Do

  • Spread awareness on social media by using the hashtag #PortugalRestorationIndependence, #1640Revolution and #IndependenceforPortugal.
  • Visit the Mosteiro dos Jeronimos in Lisbon, Portugal. It is steeped in history and was built in the 15th century. It features a grand, gothic style monastery and is considered one of Portugal’s greatest historical figures.
  • Read a book about Portugal’s long history. Some of our favourites are: Portugal: A Companion History, The History of Portugal, and The Portuguese Empire 1415-1808: A World on the Move.

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