Constitution Day of Spain

Quick Facts - ES

AKA NameDía de la Constitución - España
HashtagsCompiled on#ConstitutionDay
2024 Date6 December 2024
2025 Date6 December 2025

Constitution Day of Spain

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Constitution Day of Spain History

Spain's Constitution Day commemorates the approval and adoption of the Spanish Constitution, a crucial milestone that paved the way for the country's democratic transition. This national holiday plays an essential role in promoting and raising awareness of the fundamental values and principles enshrined in the constitution, including the rule of law, the protection of human rights and freedoms, and the establishment of a constitutional monarchy. The day reminds the importance of democratic values in the fabric of Spanish society and highlights the need for solidarity, unity, and cooperation among its citizens.

The Constitution of Spain was established on December 6, 1978, as a result of a referendum held shortly after the end of General Francisco Franco's dictatorship. The adoption of the constitution marked the end of a turbulent period in the nation's history and represented the consolidation of a new democratic and pluralistic political system. Spain's Constitution Day symbolizes a crucial turning point in the establishment of democracy and the protection of human rights in a member state. The Spanish experience serves as an example to other countries in the region, emphasizing the significance of political stability, openness, and respect for diverse perspectives in the development of a strong and cohesive European community.

Within the European Union, Spain's adherence to democratic values, human rights, and the principles enshrined in its constitution underscores the essential role these norms play in fostering mutual understanding, tolerance, and cooperation among member states. Spain Constitution Day takes place every year on December 6.

Top facts about Constitution Day of Spain

  • In 1931, Alfonso XIII left Spain and the Second Republic was established on April 14th. For 5 years, the nation was a republic until Francisco Franco turned it into a dictatorship.
  • In 1975, upon Franco’s death, King Juan Carlos I de Bourbon y Bourbon restored Spain’s monarchy and took the throne.

Constitution Day of Spain Top Things to Do

  • Witness the hoisting of the national flag of Spain in the Columbus Plaza in Madrid. The highest dignitaries of the Spanish government and military are in attendance. The ceremony also features a speech made by a representative of the Spanish government.
  • Learn more about dictatorship regimes in Spain and neighbouring European countries. Try reading up on the regimes of Napoleon, Hitler, Stalin, Franco, Tito, Salazar and Mussolini.

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