Constitution Day in Denmark, known as 'Grundlovsdag', honours the signing of the Danish Constitution and the birth of democracy in the country. It primarily serves as an occasion to celebrate and appreciate democratic rights and liberties, reflecting upon the principles of freedom of speech and assembly enshrined in the Danish Constitution. This day typically hosts political activities across the country, becoming a platform where political discussions take place and citizens revisit and reflect upon their democratic values and rights.
Constitution Day in Denmark originates from the signing of the first Danish Constitution on 5 June 1849. This day symbolises a historic transition from absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy thereby, laying the foundation for democratic governance. The Danish Constitution has been revised only once since its inception – on 5 June 1953, which also marked the recognition of women's suffrage. The day holds special relevance for the citizens, reinforcing their constitutional rights and fostering a sense of national unity and democratic pride.
Celebration of Constitution Day in Denmark is characterized by political gatherings and public debates, as well as special events at cultural institutions, organisations, and educational institutions. Political parties often organise meetings where members and supporters gather to discuss democratic values and principles, share ideas and engage in debates. Commemorative ceremonies, and flag-raising events at public spaces, embassies and diplomatic missions also take place. Many businesses and government offices close, providing citizens the opportunity to partake in these activities. Constitution Day occurs annually on the 5th of June.
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Referencesdenmark.dk: Danish Facts denmark.dk: Danish Monarchy www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov: UN denmark population data www.norden.org: 2021 Facts about Denmark