Australia Day History
Australia Day commemorates the establishment of the first European settlement at Port Jackson in 1788. On this day in 1788 Captain Arthur Phillip first raised the British flag at Sydney Cove. Recognized as the national day of Australia, it is a day given to large celebrations and is one of the most widely celebrated holidays in the country. Australia Day is observed on January 26th each year.
Facts about Australia Day
- In 2014 Australia day will coincide with the award for Australian of the year.
- The First Fleet, consisting of 11 ships and led by Captain Arthur Philip from Great Britain, arrived at Port Jackson on January 26, 1788.
- Australia was originally designed as a penal colony - a place used to exile convicts and criminals.. The first was named the Colony of New South Wales.
- The Australian Flag is flown to commemorate this holiday. The flag includes: the Union Jack, representing historical ties to Great Britain; a large white seven-tipped star representing the 7 provinces making up the Commonwealth of Australia; and five white stars in the Southern Cross constellation pattern, a reminder of their Southern Hemisphere location.
- The entire population of Australia (22.3 Million) is less than the population of Texas (26 Million).
Australia Day Top Events and Things to Do
- Watch fireworks displays. Some of the grander displays are at Sydney harbor, Rooty Hill and the shores of Lake Burley Griffin.
- Watch or attend the Oz Day 10km race in Sydney, Australia.
- Visit Hyde Park in Sidney where many Australia day events take place.